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Bleeding Gums and Your Health

June 18, 2020

Do your gums bleed easily? It might be because of something simple, like using the wrong technique when you brush or floss.Or it could be a sign of a health condition you need to check out.

Common Causes

You may have bleeding gums if you:

  • Have gingivitis, a disease that causes inflammation of the gums
  • Brush too hard or your toothbrush isn’t soft enough
  • Just started a flossing routine and your gums aren’t used to it yet
  • Take certain medications, like blood thinners
  • Have inflamed gums because you’re pregnant (pregnancy gingivitis)
  • Have dentures that don’t fit well

Gingivitis

Bleeding gums are a sign of gingivitis, or inflammationof your gums. It’s a common and mild form of gum diseas, and it’s caused by a buildup of plaque at your gumline.

If you have gingivitis, your gums may be irritated, red, and swollen. They may bleed when you brush your teeth.

You can get rid of this problem by taking good care of your teeth. Brush your teeth twice a day, floss every day, rinse daily with an antibacterial mouthwash, and see your dentist regularly.

Periodontitis

If you don’t take care of your gingivitis, it can lead to periodontal disease, or periodontitis, a long-term gum condition that damages the tissue and bone that support your teeth.

If you have periodontitis, your gums may become inflamed and infected and pull away from the roots of your teeth.

When your gums bleed easily, it could be a sign of periodontal disease. Your teeth may get loose or separate. You could also get bad breath, a bad taste in your mouth, a change in how your teeth fit together when you bite, and red, swollen, tender gums.

If you don’t treat periodontal disease, you can lose some of your teeth.

Diabetes

Bleeding or swollen gums can be a warning sign of type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

When you have this disease, your mouth isn’t as powerful at fighting germs, so you’re more likely to get infections like gum disease. High blood sugar levels that go along with diabetes make it harder for your body to heal, which can make gum disease worse.

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